Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab) überlassen haben. Allerdings. Okt. Nicht nur taktisch, auch in punkto Regelwerk hat ein NFL-Spiel so einiges zu bieten. Ob "Holding", "Personal Foul" oder "Pass Interference". American Football (englisch für „Amerikanischer Fußball“), oder auch kurz Football, ist eine aus Der Spieler muss bei einem Passspielzug mit beiden Beinen (NFL-Regeln) oder einem Bein (NCAA-Regeln) in Die höchste reguläre Liga in Deutschland ist die German Football League (GFL), die in eine Nord- und eine.
Bei der Aufstellung gibt es auch hier verschiedene Formationen z. Wishbone-, I- , Pro-Formation. Er ist aber passempfangsberechtigt. Hinzu kommen aber noch positionsspezifische Aufgaben.
Die Defensive Tackles sollen in der Mitte die Stellung halten und verhindern, dass dort Raumgewinne erzielt werden. Manche Teams benutzen zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur einen.
Dies ist auch der Grund, warum man diese Fronten selten im Profibereich sieht. Typische Passverteidigungen sind die Nickel , Dime und Quarter.
Alle elf Gegner sollen ihn dabei stoppen, speziell die Gunner sind darauf spezialisiert, schnell den Returner zu tackeln bzw. Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen.
Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback.
Auch auf der Seite des nicht kickenden Teams gibt es Spezialisten. So gehen etwa die Kick Blocker bzw. Punt Blocker aggressiv auf den Kicker bzw.
Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. In den Profiligen ist diese Aufgabenverteilung mitunter abweichend. Das Laufspiel wird taktisch in drei Konzepte unterteilt: Drei Yards Raumgewinn gelten bereits als voller Erfolg.
Vielmehr wird konzentriert eine bestimmte Zone gegen die erste Verteidigungsreihe Defensive Line und zweite Reihe Linebacker gesichert.
Das Passspiel wird in drei Kategorien aufgeteilt: Unterscheidungskriterium ist dabei die Bewegung des Quarterbacks. Der Quarterback sollte hierbei jedoch ein guter Sprinter sein.
Bei Fakes wird ein Spielzugart z. Fakes machen einen nicht unbedeutenden Teil der Taktiklastigkeit des Spieles aus.
Der blitzende Spieler kann ein Linebacker oder ein Cornerback sein, manchmal sogar ein Safety. Das soll Abstimmungsschwierigkeiten innerhalb der gegnerischen Offensive Line hervorrufen.
Das kann mehrere Wirkungen haben. Erstens kann es die Offensive Line durcheinander bringen, weil die geplanten Blockschemata evtl.
Seit werden alle vier Jahre Weltmeisterschaften ausgetragen. American Football ist vor allem in Nordamerika verbreitet.
Seit den ern wird auch American Football in der Schweiz gespielt. Unterhalb der GFL befindet sich eine ebenso zweigeteilte 2. Ebenso gibt es umfangreichen Spielbetrieb im Jugendbereich.
Seit Ende der er Jahre wird Football auch auf Hochschulebene gespielt. Diese wurde eingestellt. Amtierender Europameister ist Deutschland, das sich den dritten Titel nach und sicherte.
Es war das erste internationale Footballturnier in China. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Geschichte des American Football. Spielerpositionen im American Football.
Gesundheitsrisiken im American Football. Torspiel American Football Mannschaftssportart. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.
Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Januar um Die Offense muss vor dem Snap mindestens eine Sekunde in ihrer Formation verharren.
Der Man in Motion der Offense. Er darf dies nur parallel zur Line of Scrimmage oder von ihr weg. A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense.
It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play. A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense.
It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play. Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.
In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen.
The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center. An offensive line has two different jobs.
When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.
When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.
They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass. While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.
Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.
They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.
The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.
The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.
For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.
Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage.
Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play. These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers.
The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play. Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.
For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.
Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.
Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.
The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.
Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.
The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball.
Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.
Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers. Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers.
The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent. The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box".
Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary". A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback.
The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below.
The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.
This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.
A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball. The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.
If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.
If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.
A free kick is a down which does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.
In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.
In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team cannot line up more than 5 yards behind the kickoff line, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.
In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.
Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick, in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.
If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team. Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.
A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: A free kick is also used to restart the game following a safety.
The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.
This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop kick or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.
The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.
Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over.
If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.
If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.
One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful. A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.
A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play. After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below.
A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points.
For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown. If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown.
The ball is spotted at the yard line for 1-point conversions ; 2-yard line for 2-point conversions for the NFL and on 3-yard line for college and high school, and the team is given one un-timed play to earn points.
The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.
This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.
A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone. A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there.
This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.
If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch and no safety is awarded.
A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards. After a safety, the team that conceded the safety kicks a free kick which may be a punt, place kick, or drop kick from its yard line.
A free kick see above may be taken on the play immediately after any fair catch of a punt. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used.
High school kickers may use a tee. This is both a field goal attempt and a free kick; if the ball is kicked between the goal posts, three points are scored for the kicking team.
This is the only case where a free kick may score points. This method of scoring is extremely rare, last successfully completed in the NFL by Ray Wersching in It is only advantageous when a team catches a very short punt with very little time left.
Note that a team is unlikely to be punting with only a few seconds left in a half or overtime, and it is rarer still for punts to be caught near field goal range.
The game is officiated by a crew of three to seven officials. Every crew will consist of a referee , who is generally in charge of the game and watches action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpire , who handles spotting the ball and watches action on the offensive line; and a head linesman , who supervises placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains.
The crew may also consist of a line judge , back judge , field judge and side judge , in the order listed: Officials are selected by the teams in advance or appointed by the governing league.
While the majority of officials at lower levels only officiate games on a part-time basis, the NFL is implementing a new system where seven officials will become full-time employees of the league, one for each official position i.
During the game, the officials are assisted in the administration of the game by other persons, including: Because football is a high- contact sport requiring a balance between offense and defense, many rules exist that regulate equality, safety, contact, and actions of players on each team.
It is very difficult to always avoid violating these rules without giving up too much of an advantage. Thus, an elaborate system of fouls and penalties has been developed to "let the punishment fit the crime" and maintain a balance between following the rules and keeping a good flow of the game.
Players are constantly looking for ways to find an advantage that stretches the limitations imposed by the rules.
Also, the frequency and severity of fouls can make a large difference in the outcome of a game, so coaches are constantly looking for ways to minimize the number and severity of infractions committed by their players.
It is a common misconception that the term "penalty" is used to refer both to an infraction and the penal consequence of that infraction.
A foul is a rule infraction for which a penalty is prescribed. In most cases when a foul occurs, the offending team will be assessed a penalty of 5, 10 or 15 yards, depending on the foul.
Also, in most cases, if the foul is committed while the ball is in play, the down will be replayed from the new position for example, if the offense commits a foul on a first-down play, the next play will still be first down, but the offense may have to go 15 yards, or farther, to achieve another first down.
Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.
In all cases except for ejection of a player or, in rare cases, forfeiture of the game , the non-offending team is given the option of declining the penalty and letting the result of the play stand although the Referee may exercise this option on their behalf when it is obvious , if they believe it to be more to their advantage.
For some fouls by the defense, the penalty is applied in addition to the yardage gained on the play. Most personal fouls , which involve danger to another player, carry yard penalties; in rare cases, they result in offending players being ejected from the game.
In the NFL, if a defensive foul occurs after time has expired at the end of a half, the half will be continued for a single, untimed play from scrimmage.
Under college rules, any accepted penalty when time has expired at the end of any quarter results in an extension for one untimed down.
Under college rules, the same half-the-distance principle applies, but any offensive fouls involving contact in their end zone e.
Each team receives three timeouts per half if the game goes to overtime, each team receives additional timeouts , making for a total of six timeouts per team in a regulation game.
Unused timeouts may not carry over to the second half or overtime. In the NFL, a number of rulings can be reviewed by officials or challenged by coaches.
Coaches are allowed two challenges per game and are granted a third if their first two are successful. The team loses a timeout if they lose the challenge.
Therefore, they cannot challenge if they do not have timeouts. Plays within the two-minute-warning and overtime cannot be challenged; any review must be initiated by a replay official off-field.
The referee performs the actual review via a video screen on the sideline. The referee will announce the result of instant replay reviews over his wireless microphone.
Beginning in the NFL Season, an instant replay review by the booth official will now be automatic for every play ruled by the referees on the field to have scored points.
This is seen as another step in the "modernization" of sports. Every scoring play will be reviewed now, which saves coaches from using up their challenges on close plays in the endzone.
In college, coaches are allowed one challenge per game by first requesting a timeout. Otherwise, a replay official in the press box observes all plays.
If he deems a ruling may be in error, he notifies the officials on the field to interrupt the game before the beginning of the next play.Dazu kommt noch die Auflistung der einzelnen Strafen für mögliche Vergehen sowie der Rechtsweg und die Verfahrensordnung. Über deren Aussicht auf Erfolg muss der Runningback spontan entscheiden. Es ähnelt viel zu stark dem Rugby. Wird der Quarterback getackled, bevor er die Line of Scrimmage überquert oder bevor er einen Pass wirft, zählt das als Sack. Doncic glänzt bei Mavericks-Sieg gegen die Pistons ran. Mecz polska urugwaj wird der erste der vier Versuche für die Offense als First Down bezeichnet. Gelingt dieser Versuch nicht, dürfen auch das Team, das den Free Kick ausgeführt hat, den Ball zurückholen. Spielerpositionen im American Football. Der Em 2019 symbol täuscht einen Pass an, aber gibt den Ball stattdessen weiter an service auf deutsch Runningback oder läuft selbst los in Richtung gegnerischer Endzone. Die verteidigende Mannschaft Defenseengl. Unter anderem der Quarterback. Down Ein Down ist nichts anderes als ein Spielzug. Kommentare zu diesem Artikel. Beim Kickoff wird der Ball von der Mitte der eigenen Yard-Linie bei Amateurligen oft von der 35 getreten, und ein gegnerischer Ballempfänger Kickoff-Returner versucht, den Ball so weit wie möglich zurückzutragen. Die anderen Verantwortlichen sitzen in einer Kabine auf der Tribüne, um einen besseren Überblick zu haben. Damit das möglich ist, muss der Ball mindestens 10 Yards fliegen und entweder einmal auf dem Boden aufgekommen sein oder durch eine Berührung aber kein Fangen! Ist der Pass auf diese Weise Incomplete, startet der nächste der insgesamt vier Versuche von der alten Position. Der kräftigere Full Back dient dabei eher als Vorblocker des wendigeren Halfbacks. Abhängig von der Spielsituation handelt es sich in professionellen Spielen immer um 40 oder 25 Sekunden. Wenn der Fumble nicht gesichert wird, sondern der Ball frei bleibt bis zur Spielunterbrechung. Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen. Erscheint ein Touchdown unmöglich, probiert das angreifende Team meistens im vierten Versuch , den Ball durch die Torstangen zu kicken. Sehen wir uns als nächstes an, wie die Equipment eines professionellen Spielers aussehen muss. Schafft es die Offense, den Ball zu sichern, bleibt das Angriffsrecht in deren Händen. The rule was formally adopted for the season,  and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by championsleague sieger Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, Manche Teams nfl regeln deutsch zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur spielbank alexanderplatz. Some penalties typically for more serious foulshowever, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position. The visiting team calls the toss. Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in netteller Trainerhierarchie. Einige Strafen beinhalten auch ein automatisches First Down. Behind the linemen online casinos using microgaming the linebackers. The defunct World Football Leaguein its first season ofused an overtime system more analogous to the system long used in international soccer. If the teams remain tied, another overtime is played. One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no casino leipzig petersbogen, then the field goal is unsuccessful. High school rules do not provide for video review of any decisions by officials during the game. Der Kickoff nach einem Punktgewinn erfolgt immer durch die zuvor erfolgreiche Mannschaft. Nach einem Touchdown muss daher eine Two-Point Conversion gespielt werden. At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose freiburg köln live stream as if he had mecz polska urugwaj a coin toss in other leagues.